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India and Myanmar Ink Various Pacts

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India and Myanmar signed 10 agreements with a focus on socio-economic development of Myanmar, during Myanmar President U Win Myint’s visit to India. Myanmar stands at the confluence of India’s Neighbourhood First and Act East Policy and India-Myanmar partnership is at the heart of India’s vision to create a connected and cooperative neighbourhood.

Connectivity:

The two countries will start a coordinated bus service between Manipur’s Imphal and Myanmar’s Mandalay from April 2020. India will assist Myanmar in the construction of Integrated Check Point at Tamu, Myanmar, bordering Manipur. The two countries signed the Land Border Crossing Agreement in 2018, which allowed bona fide travellers with valid documents to cross the border at two international points of entry/exit- Moreh-Tamu and Zokhawathar-Rih.

Rakhine State Development Programme:

India signed a development programme for Rakhine State in Myanmar in late 2017 which was designed to assist the Myanmar government in Rakhine State to build housing infrastructure for displaced Rohingyas. India had committed $25 million grant assistance to Myanmar and phase-I involved completion of 250 prefabricated houses in Rakhine State.

Infrastructure Development:

India will also support the establishment of Myanmar’s diplomatic academy, and extend the National Knowledge Network to Myanmar. Both countries have decided to extend the Quick Impact Project schemes to Myanmar. Under this, India will take up capacity development work in the form of small projects which yield quick beneficial results for the local people.

International Cooperation:

Both sides agreed to work together to promote principles of openness, inclusiveness, transparency, respect for international law and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) centrality in Indo-Pacific. India will offer medical radiation equipment Bhabhatron II for the treatment of cancer patients and strengthen cooperation in the health sector. Both countries agreed to have government-to-government cooperation in petroleum, including in refinery, stockpiling, blending and retail. In governance, India will help Myanmar with the project of e-ID cards, which is modelled after the Aadhaar project. The two sides showed commitment to continue negotiations on pending treaties like Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) and Extradition Treaty.MoU has also been signed on ‘Cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons; Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Re-Integration of Victims of Trafficking’ between the two countries.

Source: IE

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